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Does CBD oil have side effects?

Does CBD oil have side effects?

Want to know if CBD oil has side effects? This article has compiled the most common information about the side effects that some people may experience from using CBD oil. Possible side effects are always case-specific and are affected by many factors such as the characteristics of the user (weight, metabolism, diseases), as well as the quality of the CBD oil or CBD products used.


What are the side effects of using CBD oil or can there be?

Although there are generalizations that give direction about the side effects of CBD, each user reacts to it in their own way and based on the situation that the user has at any given time. The individual’s effects on CBD products cannot be predicted with certainty until it has been tried. We therefore recommend always starting the use of CBD oil with the lowest possible dosage and increasing the dosage slowly by observing your own situation for a couple of weeks.

According to a study conducted in 2017, the most commonly reported side effects were fatigue, diarrhea and changes in appetite and weight. Compared to other drugs used to treat these conditions, CBD has fewer side effects (1).

Below you will find a more detailed list and comments on the most common side effects that the use of CBD may have in some cases.



Some users experience some degree of fatigue after consuming CBD products. At the same time, many also feel that CBD helps them fall asleep and deepen sleep, so fatigue cannot be considered a direct harmful effect.

If you find CBD too tiring, you can try to reduce the dosage a little and monitor your situation again. The experience of fatigue may change after using CBD products for a longer period of time. The recommendation is to start using it with the smallest possible dosage and increasing it as needed when the body is used to its effects.


Dry mouth


Dry mouth is one of the most common side effects caused by CBD. Cannabidiol or CBD affects the receptors in the salivary glands and may temporarily reduce saliva production. However, dry mouth is not harmful and can be easily prevented by drinking fluids such as water when necessary.


Changes in appetite


Side effects related to experiencing appetite are fairly common with CBD oil. Factors affecting appetite are above all mental and physical well-being, which may also be affected by the use of CBD. Depending on the situation, CBD products may increase or decrease appetite. If you experience unwanted effects on your appetite, you should try reducing the dosage of CBD oil until your appetite returns to normal.


Changes in blood pressure


The use of CBD oil may cause a decrease in blood pressure. Sometimes it can go completely unnoticed, and that’s why especially those suffering from health problems should monitor their blood pressure regularly if they want to use CBD products. If you are concerned about the use of CBD and the possible lowering of blood pressure, we recommend that you discuss the matter with your doctor before using CBD products.




In some cases, diarrhea has been observed as a side effect of CBD oil. Diarrhea may also be affected by using the carrier oil in CBD oil into which CBD has been extracted.

The carrier oil is usually olive oil, hemp oil or MCT oil obtained from coconut, whose function is to improve the absorption of cannabinoids in the body and to bring additional nutrients to the product. In some cases, certain oils may irritate the mucous membranes of the stomach, and therefore it is recommended to start dosing as carefully as possible and consider changing the carrier to another, if diarrhea occurs repeatedly as a side effect.


What are the side effects of CBD oil when used in combination with medications?


CBD is often used as a complementary treatment. Therefore, more clinical research is needed on the effect of CBD on liver enzymes, drug transporters and interactions with other drugs and to determine whether it causes mainly positive or negative effects, for example by reducing the necessary doses of clobazam in epilepsy and thus the side effects of clobazam.

Together, the combination of certain medicinal substances and CBD may increase or decrease the effectiveness of the medicine in a significant way. If you use certain products belonging to the pharmaceutical group below, we recommend discussing the use of CBD products together with your doctor.

​​CBD affects the user through cannabinoid receptors and the substance is removed from the body mainly through the liver. An enzyme called cytochrome p450 is essentially related to the metabolism of CBD and the use of CBD can increase the activity of these enzymes in the body. These CYP enzymes are everywhere in the body, especially in the liver. CYP enzymes also have a central effect on the behavior of other medicinal substances in the body, i.e. CBD and certain medicinal substances can reduce or increase the effectiveness of the medicine in a sometimes dangerous way (2).

According to the study, not all interactions have been studied yet. So more clinical trials with a larger number of participants are needed. Read more about the possible interactions of CBD oil with drugs commonly used in Finland in our article “ The effect of CBD oil with drugs “.

What is safe CBD oil?


Safe CBD oil is always made from high-quality and pure raw materials and extracted using safe methods such as carbon dioxide extraction without additional solvents. Safety is also significantly increased by third-party laboratory analyzes of the contents of the products. Such analyzes include e.g. cannabinoid profile, heavy metal and contamination analyses.

If you’re looking for safe CBD oils, we recommend checking out the selection in our online store. In the online store, you can find third-party analyzes of the products and more information on the use and manufacture of CBD.




  1. K. Iffland & F. Grotenhermen. 2017. An Update on Safety and Side Effects of Cannabidiol: A Review of Clinical Data and Relevant Animal Studies Referred on 31.08.2021

Johns Hopkins University. Clinical Trials. Interactions Between Cannabinoids and Cytochrome P450-Metabolized Drug. Referred to on September 1, 2021

CBD and cannabis in pet care

CBD and cannabis in pet care

CBD and cannabis in pet care. This is a translated article, the original can be read from here .

Veterinary medicine has advanced significantly in recent years and thanks to the availability of more effective drugs, many pets are living longer than years before. With age, however, problems arise, such as rheumatism or other pain and inflammation conditions. The negative side effects of commonly used painkillers can damage the immune system , bowel functions, and kidneys and liver. In addition to these consequences, painkillers do not always work as we would like – both in humans and animals, the effectiveness varies from individual to individual. CBD and cannabis in the treatment of pets are becoming more common at a fast pace.

Of all the uses of cannabis in human and veterinary medicine, pain relief is the best documented. Studies have shown cannabis to be a significant pain reliever in various diseases. THC and CBD extracts have been shown in studies to give people relief from both cancer and nerve pain .

Studies evaluating the effectiveness of cannabis in the treatment of arthritis in dogs have been completed. A recent Cornell University study showed a decrease in pain levels in dogs with rheumatism in a test group that received CBD, compared to a placebo group. Pain levels decreased without negative side effects.

Many veterinarians and pet owners have seen firsthand the positive effects of medicinal cannabis in the treatment of arthritis and pain conditions. The research only confirms what many have found in practice.


Alternatives to CBD products for pets

Animal CBD products are usually liquid oil, tablets, capsules or in the form of treats. Liquids are better because the dosage can be precisely controlled, and because CBD is better absorbed through the tissues of the mouth than through the digestive tract.

Vaporized or smoked cannabis should never be used to medicate pets. This can damage the pet’s lungs and lead to a harmful overdose.

On the same principle, edible cannabis products intended for human consumption should not be given to pets. They are difficult to dose accurately and may contain ingredients that are toxic to animals (such as raisins, chocolate, etc.).

On the other hand, almost all natural CBD products are also directly suitable for domestic animals, as long as there is nothing extra in the product, such as e.g. preservatives and additives. In other words, CBD oil can also be used at home, as long as you remember that just two drops of 2% CBD oil can get you a suitable dosage of approx. For a 10 kg pet. For smaller pets, even less can be enough.

How to choose the right medicine?


CBD and cannabis can be a good option for treating pets. When considering cannabis as a medical option for treating pain or inflammation, it is important to understand how the different components of a cannabis product can affect your pet. The following important factors should be kept in mind :


The Entourage Effect: The overall synergistic benefit of cannabis is related to the amount and ratio of cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids. These factors influence the degree of biological activity and the extent of the product’s effects.

Finding the right ratio of THC and CBD, as well as the dosage, are critical to success.

Take into account parallel medications and possible drug interactions .

Always talk to your veterinarian before starting a new drug or nutritional supplement to treat your pet’s illness.

The THC:CBD ratio varies from a very high ratio such as 20:1, to a balanced ratio of 1:1 and 1:2.


Dosage guide

Deciding which product or ratio to use for your pet’s pain and inflammation depends on the severity and origin of the pain. Below is a guide to choosing ratios to use for treating pain and inflammation in animals.


High CBD
4:1 – 20:1 / CBD:THC (little or no THC )
Mild to moderate pain such as arthritis and back pain

A balanced relationship

Moderate pain such as arthritis and back pain.

High THC ratios

4:1 to 20:1 THC/CBD
Severe pain, such as cancer pain, nerve pain, and advanced arthritis.

When using cannabis as a medicine for pets, it must be remembered that significant side effects are unacceptable. The goal of cannabis treatment for pets is to relieve symptoms without other side effects. Pets’ normal behavior patterns should be unchanged after treatment.

The following are instructions for dosing THC and CBD for cats and dogs. Always talk to your veterinarian before starting to treat your pet’s illness with cannabis-based medicines.

Dosage of THC

THC is always a limiting factor in dosing .

0.2 to 0.6 mg of THC per 5 kg of body weight , twice a day.
Start with a small amount and slowly increase the dosage every 4-7 days.
Higher dosages may be possible/necessary on a case-by-case basis.
Keep a close eye on whether the pet shows any loss of balance or attention. Reduce the dose or stop the medication immediately if you notice significant side effects.


Dosage of CBD

0.5 to 5 mg of CBD per 5 kg of body weight , twice a day.
Start with a small amount and slowly increase the dosage every 4 to 7 days.
Often small doses are effective. Higher doses of CBD may be beneficial in certain conditions.


Medicinal cannabis can be of great benefit to animals in pain. The safe and effective use of cannabis requires an understanding of the milligram amounts of THC and CBD (or other cannabinoids ), the ratio of cannabinoids, and the appropriate dosing of the drug for animals.

Nothing is more important than your pet’s safety. So when it comes to the content or dosage of cannabis medicines, don’t leave anything to guesswork or make assumptions on your own.

The author of the original article, Gary Richter, one of the authors of, is an Oakland-based veterinarian. You can read more about his work in the article CBD for pets .

You can read more about suitable dosing for animals here .

You can find the best CBD products in Finland in Hamppumaa’s online store .


Noora Peltola, hemp partner

Agrologist AMK, natural product developer & permaculture designer

The effect of CBD on well-being

The effect of CBD on well-being

CBD’s effect on well-being is versatile. On this page you will find studies on the effects of cannabinoids such as CBD, e.g. for the treatment of depression, anxiety, stress, insomnia and pain conditions.

During the past decades, a significant amount of research has been done on the effects of different cannabinoids. In particular, CBD has been extensively studied using various tests and methods. Several studies have taken into account the relationships of cannabinoids to each other, as well as their effect together and separately. However, research is still in its early stages and it is generally known that the factors affecting the endocannabinoid system are not yet fully understood. However, it has been shown to be true that external cannabinoids can be useful for a wide range of imbalances in the body, both in humans and in other mammals.


It seems that the endocannabinoid system is involved in the treatment of depression , although its role is not yet fully understood. Based on the published data, the endocannabinoid system provides new ideas and options in the treatment of depression, but further studies are still needed to determine which patient group could benefit from such treatment (1).

A 2018 study published in the journal Molecular Neurobiology concluded that CBD is a promising fast-acting antidepressant. While traditional antidepressants typically take some time to work, a study in rodents showed that CBD had rapid and sustained antidepressant-like effects (2).

There are many individual cases in the world where cannabis has helped research patients in the treatment of depression. In addition, new studies have been conducted that report the importance of the role of the endocannabinoid system in depression, indicating that there is a link between endocannabinoid dysfunction and depression. The TGA (Therapeutic Goods Administration ) is known to approve cannabis for patients with depression, which suggests that cannabis plays a role in the treatment of depression (3).

We still lack high-quality clinical studies that emphasize depression or the improvement of depression as the most important outcome. However, there are mouse experiments that show that cannabis can help with depression. Other studies, such as the Sativex studies, have shown a significant improvement in the well-being of people using cannabis medicines (4).

The anti-depressant effects of cannabis, as well as the interaction between antidepressants and the endocannabinoid system, were reported in a study in 2010. The study in question was conducted to evaluate the antidepressant-like effects of delta9-THC and other cannabinoids. The results of the study show that delta9-THC and other cannabinoids have an antidepressant-like effect and can therefore influence the mood-enhancing properties of cannabis (4).


Studies that were conducted on animals and performed various tests such as the forced swim test (FST), Elevated plus maze (EPM) and Vogel conflict test (VCT), suggest that CBD has anti-anxiety and anti-depressant effects in research animals (5).

Overall, the existing preclinical evidence strongly supports the potential of CBD in the treatment of anxiety disorders. CBD has multifaceted effects that are relevant in several different areas related to anxiety (6).

Since endocannabinoids appear to play an important role in major depression, generalized anxiety disorder, and bipolar disorder, the Cannabis sativa plant is suggested for their treatment. The endocannabinoid system covers a wide range of the entire body, including the brain, and is responsible for a wide range of different body functions. The system in question is linked to mood and related disorders. Exogenous cannabinoids can alter its activity. CB1 and CB2 receptors mainly act as binding sites for endocannabinoids and phytocannabinoids produced by cannabis flowers. However, cannabis is not a single compound, but is known for its complex molecular profile, which produces numerous phytocannabinoids and many different terpenes. Thus, synergism has a positive effect due to the addition of terpenes to cannabinoids (7).

Read more in the article CBD oil can relieve anxiety .


A study published in 2018 found that CBD has stress-reducing effects that can reduce stress-related depression. The results of the study suggest that in chronically stressed mice, CBD prevents stress-induced reduced hippocampal neurogenesis and stress-induced angiogenesis, i.e. new blood vessel formation (8). Read more in the article CBD and stress .

Nerve pain

According to the study, cannabidiol (CBD), the significant non-psychoactive component of cannabis, has anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects. This study investigated its therapeutic potential in the treatment of neuropathic and inflammatory pain in rats. The results of the study show that CBD has potential for therapeutic use in painful chronic pain conditions (9).


A 2018 review , Cannabinoids and Pain: New Insights From Old Molecules , evaluates how well CBD works for chronic pain relief . The review looked at studies conducted between 1975 and March 2018. These studies looked at a variety of pain conditions, including cancer pain, neuropathic pain, and fibromyalgia. Based on these studies, researchers concluded that CBD was effective in general pain management and did not cause negative side effects (10).


One 2017 review found that CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties may help with the following conditions (11):

A 2016 study looked at the effect of CBD on rats with arthritis . Researchers found that topical CBD gel reduced joint swelling and pain in rats. No significant side effects resulted from the experiment. Research shows that CBD cosmetics have therapeutic potential for reducing the behavior and inflammation associated with arthritis pain without apparent side effects (12).


Several studies on CBD, anxiety and sleep have found that many patients do not notice a difference immediately. A 2019 study found that subjects took about a month to notice a difference (13). So be patient and remember that the desired results may take time.

The final sample consisted of 72 adults with primary concerns of anxiety (n = 47) or poor sleep (n = 25). Anxiety scores decreased during the first month in 57 patients (79.2%) and remained low during the duration of the study. Sleep quality improved during the first month in 48 patients (66.7%), but varied over time. In this chart review, CBD was well tolerated in all but three patients (13).

CBD may also be promising for those suffering from REM sleep disorders and excessive daytime sleepiness. The synthetic cannabinoid nabilone can reduce PTSD-related nightmares and improve sleep among patients with chronic pain (14).

Read more in the article CBD oil and insomnia .

Effects of CBD on concentration

CBD has several properties that not only improve our general well-being, but also increase concentration and energy. It stimulates the endocannabinoid system, one of whose functions is to regulate attention, memory, concentration and energy. By helping the endocannabinoid system to function better, CBD also helps increase our productivity (15).

If your inattention and inability to concentrate are due to health issues, we strongly recommend that you consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment. While CBD can help improve concentration, focus, and energy, it is still necessary to find the root cause of your problems in order to properly address it. Your doctor can also help you find the best CBD products for focus or energy and dosage.

Terpenes in the treatment of depression, anxiety and stress

Terpenes found in hemp and their effect on anxiety, depression and stress have also been the subject of research. Terpenes are found especially in the essential oils of hemp, but also in the resin of plants. Terpenes give hemp its characteristic aroma. Listed below are 4 common terpenes and their effects. Note most of the experiments have been done on mice and further studies are needed.

  • Limonene – research shows that the terpene limonene can relieve stress and anxiety (16).
  • Pinene – research shows that the terpene pinene has anti-anxiety effects (17).
  • Linalool – research shows that the smell of linalool can have anxiolytic effects (18).
  • Myrcene – research shows that myrcene has a calming effect (19).

Possible side effects of CBD

Although many studies show that CBD is generally safe, it is worth considering the fact that people are different and that different active ingredients will cause a different reaction in some people than in others. Here you can find information about the possible side effects that CBD may cause in some rare cases.

Side effects are relatively rare. However, some users may experience possible minor side effects such as Below is a list of side effects that have been obtained in the 2019 study’s mouse experiments (20).

  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Change in appetite
  • Weight fluctuation
  • Mood swings
  • Possible interactions with medicines can reduce or strengthen the effect of the medicine.

The text on this page is not intended for product marketing. The website administrator is also not responsible for the correctness of the text and possible errors. The reader should carefully check all the sources appearing in the text. The content of the page is not intended as self-care instructions for any disease or situation. We recommend discussing possible changes in your life situation first together with an expert doctor.


  1. Ewa Poleszak et al. Cannabinoids in depressive disorders , Life Sciences, Volume 213, 2018
  2. Sales AJ, Fogaça MV, Sartim AG, et al. Cannabidiol induces rapid and sustained antidepressant-like effects through increased BDNF signaling and synaptogenesis in the prefrontal cortex . Mol Neurobiol 56, 1070–1081 (2019). doi:10.1007/s12035-018-1143-4
  3. Wen-Juan Huang et al. Endocannabinoid system: Role in depression, reward and pain control , Mol Med Rep. 2016.
  4. Abir T. El-Alfy et al. Antidepressant-like effect of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol and other cannabinoids isolated from Cannabis sativa L . Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior. Volume 95, Issue 4, 2010.
  5. Alexandre R de Mello Schier et al. Antidepressant-like and anxiolytic-like effects of cannabidiol: a chemical compound of Cannabis sativa . CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets, 2014.
  6. Esther M. Blessing et al. Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Anxiety Disorders . Neurotherapeutics. 2015.
  7. Ferber, Sari G. et al. The “Entourage Effect”: Terpenes Coupled with Cannabinoids for the Treatment of Mood Disorders and Anxiety Disorders . Current Neuropharmacology, Volume 18. Number 2. 2020.
  8. José A. Crippa et al. Translational Investigation of the Therapeutic Potential of Cannabidiol (CBD): Toward a New Age . Front Immunol. 2018.
  9. Barbara Costa et al. The non-psychoactive cannabis constituent cannabidiol is an orally effective therapeutic agent in rat chronic inflammatory and neuropathic pain . Eur J Pharmacol. 2007.
  10. Sonja Vučković et al. Cannabinoids and Pain: New Insights From Old Molecules . Front Pharmacol. 2018.
  11. Simona Pisanti. Cannabidiol: State of the art and new challenges for Therapeutic applications . Pharmacol Ther. 2017.
  12. DC Hammell et al. Transdermal cannabidiol reduces inflammation and pain-related behaviors in a rat model of arthritis . Eur J Pain. 2016.
  13. Scott Shannon et al. Cannabidiol in Anxiety and Sleep: A Large Case Series. Perm J. 2019.
  14. Kimberly A. Babson. Cannabis, Cannabinoids, and Sleep: a Review of the Literature . Current Psychiatry Reports. volume 19, Article number: 23. 2017.
  15. Ruth E Cooper. Cannabinoids in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A randomized-controlled trial. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2017.
  16. Naiana GPB Lima et al. A nxiolytic-like activity and GC-MS analysis of (R)-(+)-limonene fragrance, a natural compound found in foods and plants. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2013.
  17. Tadaaki Satou et al. Daily inhalation of α-pinene in mice: effects on behavior and organ accumulation. Phytother Res. 2014.
  18. Hiroki Harada et al. Linalool Odor-Induced Anxiolytic Effects in Mice. Front Behav Neurosci. 2018.
  19. T Gurgel do Vale et al. Central effects of citral, myrcene and limonene, constituents of essential oil chemotypes from Lippia Alba (Mill.) ne Brown. Phytomedicine. 2002.
  20. Ewing Le, Skinner Cm, Quick Cm, et al. Hepatotoxicity of a Cannabidiol-Rich Cannabis Extract in the Mouse Model. Molecules. 2019; 24.

CBD Oil Dosing – The Complete Guide to Dosing

CBD Oil Dosing – The Complete Guide to Dosing

CBD oil dosage and top tips 2024:


According to research, to get the best possible benefit, CBD should be dosed in the following ways:


  • CBD can be absorbed up to 4 times more effectively if there is fat in the stomach, for example after food or when taken with omega fat. Absorption is improved because cannabinoids (CBD, CBG, CBN, etc.) are fat-soluble
  • If CBD drops are kept under the tongue for 2-3 minutes before swallowing, then the effects can be obtained in up to 10-15 minutes, because CBD and other compounds are absorbed through the mucosal vesicles of the mouth directly into the bloodstream
  • To obtain the desired effects, the correct dosage of CBD is of great importance. See the dosage table in the middle of this page for general dosage instructions


In this guide, we focus on the use and dosing of CBD oil. Proper dosing of CBD oil is important to get the most out of it without using it too much or too little. Ideally, it should not be necessary to use large amounts of CBD oil on a regular basis and it is especially important to start with a low dosage at first. Users unfamiliar with CBD may experience drowsiness and dry mouth as a side effect.

Excessive use in huge amounts can be useless and become costly when the necessary effects can be achieved even in smaller amounts. Of course, there are difficult cases where the amounts are large in order to obtain the necessary benefits. According to studies, the half-life of CBD in the body varies between 2 and 5 days, depending on e.g. user weight, metabolism, and amount of exercise.

Although studies suggest that CBD and other cannabinoids help to balance the body’s endocannabinoid system in many ways, it is still unclear how certain effects are repeatedly obtained in different people (1). Further randomized and controlled studies are needed to provide definitive clinical guidance.

So do not take the things written on the page as literal instructions, but rather as guidelines from which to start seeking the right dosage for yourself. The most important thing is to use researched high quality CBD oil and observe how your own body reacts to CBD oil.


Briefly about CBD oil and the contents of the dosage article


The use of the CBD oil popularity has grown exponentially in recent years and more and more people are taking CBD oil to support their well-being. In 2019, up to 14% of the U.S. population used it CBDand every third there has at least tried the CBD (The Gallup Poll Social Series GPSS 2019). A huge number of people use CBD and other cannabinoids to balance the well-being of their bodies and minds.

There are many different types of CBD oils and products. There are big differences in quality and concentration, and unfortunately there are still products on the market that do not even contain CBD or other cannabinoids, but only contain hemp seed oil.

In addition to the quality and concentration of the product, the effects and dosage of the CBD oil you choose will depend on whether the product is a CBD isolate or a full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD oil. For studies show that CBD acts in combination with cannabinoids, terpenes and flavones, which occur naturally in hemp. (2)

Full Spectrum CBD oil refers to a product that contains all (or a large amount) of various cannabis plant compounds such as cannabinoids, flavonoids, terpenes, which have been shown to have more diverse effects. A CBD isolate is a product that contains only CBD. THC has been removed from Broad Spectrum CBD oil. For safety reasons, CBD oils made from industrial hemp do not need to be stripped of THC, as concentrations below 0.2% do not have any intoxicating effects, but its presence makes the product more effective.

In this article, we’ll cover everything essential you should know about CBD oil and how to use it.

  • How much CBD oil needs to be used at one time?
  • How do I know what the appropriate dose is?
  • How many drops of CBD oil should you take in proportion to your weight?
  • What factors affect the amount of dosage?
  • Do you get CBD oil from Finland?
  • Orientation for dosing CBD oil dosing table


How much CBD oil needs to be used at one time?


How much CBD oil is needed and worth using? There are large differences in both quality and strength of CBD products and oils on the market. Some of the products are so-called. full spectrum products, ie those that have not been heated or treated to remove active ingredients from the final product. There is also a wide range of board (Spectrum) products on the market, where, for example, some cannabinoids have changed shape as a result of the heating process. Upon heating, the cannabinoid acids are decarbosylated, whereby, for example, the cannabidiol acid CBD-A is converted to the cannabidiol, i.e. CBD. Some products are made entirely from isolates, ie ingredients isolated from hemp, such as CBD alone, in which case the product may contain almost 100% CBD in addition to the carrier oil, without other cannabinoids, terpenes or flavonoids. The isolate is thus a pure laboratory product and does not have as extensive efficacy as a full-spectrum CBD oil. Manufacturers report slightly different dosing recommendations on the packaging of CBD products, as no official recommended intake has yet been defined.

Generally, the recommended dose is 1 to 5 drops once or several times a day. Thus, CBD oil is often dispensed using a pipette in a bottle, making dispensing easy and possible with great precision. However, each person is an individual, so finding the right dose for you depends on a number of different factors such as weight, metabolism, and diet. It also matters whether CBD is ingested with food or on an empty stomach. Recent studies show that CBD can be absorbed more efficiently when ingested with fatty foods (2).


How do I know what the appropriate dose is?


As already mentioned above, the finding of a suitable dosage is influenced by a number of different things and purposes. Manufacturers of CBD oils often state on their packaging general recommendations for the use of the product in drops and milligrams. A good rule of thumb is to start according to the instructions, starting lightly and increasing the dosage a little quietly as needed.

For a completely inexperienced user, it may take some time for the body to become sensitive to the active substances and for the desired effects to begin to appear or be felt. In principle, it is worth using CBD oil as a cure, e.g. For 4 weeks and take a short break if necessary to prevent the tolerance from developing too much.

As tolerance increases, the dosage should also be increased to obtain the same benefits as before. Recommended doses generally range from 3 milligrams to 20 milligrams of CBD, or greater, depending on the product.

In order to find out the best dose size for yourself, it is a good idea to write down the amounts you use so that you can monitor the situation more reliably. Here, too, moderation is a trump card. You can also take advantage of the dose counters made by the manufacturers, if any. Also read how much CBD can be given to domestic animals such as dogs and cats .

The CBD oil dosing table below provides an answer to how many CBD oil drops exactly should you take in proportion to your weight?


CBD dosing table


CBD oil dosage chart by weight.

Dosing of CBD oil for a specific need:

  • Anxiety -> Mild or medium strength
  • Epilepsy ->Strong
  • Pain ->Medium to strong
  • Migraine -> Mild to strong
  • Nausea ->Mild or medium strength
  • to sleep ->Medium to strong
  • cancer -> Strong
  • General health maintenance -> Mild

NOTE! A general idea about dosage based on experience. Please note that CBD products are not medicines and cannot be used to diagnose, treat or cure diseases.


What factors affect the amount of dosage?


In order to find a suitable dosage, it is a good idea to consider the quality, strength, composition and timing of the CBD oil, i.e. whether the oil is ingested with a meal or on an empty stomach. Often, the appropriate dosage of CBD is assessed based on body weight. Higher doses are recommended for heavier individuals than for lighter ones. Dosage tables and variety dose counters can be found online for both humans and pets (3). The absorption of the active substances in the body varies from user to individual, which is why their duration of action may also vary somewhat. We recommend that you take the following into account when dosing:


1. Things affecting CBD oil


The content and quality of CBD oil is a key factor in the proper dosing of CBD.

QUANTITY OF CBD: There is a wide variety of products available that vary widely in cannabinoid levels. For example, if you are used to using a certain 5% CBD oil, the 5% version from another manufacturer may actually be very different in concentration and effect. That is, sometimes the so-called. a milder product may perform better than a product declared stronger by a different manufacturer. Concentrations of the most common CBD oils on the market vary widely from 1% to 40%. The exact amount of CBD cannot be known except by proper cannabinoid analysis. We always recommend checking product analyzes from your CBD vendor and if they are not available at all, you may want to consider another manufacturer. There may be large differences in the analyzes and measuring instruments and the most reliable analyzes have been performed by a third party. It is therefore not always worth relying on the concentrations reported by the manufacturers alone!

COMPOSITION OF CBD OIL: In general, CBD products on the market are broad-spectrum or full-spectrum products, but sometimes also isolates. The full spectrum includes all active substances in hemp such as cannabinoids (CBD, THC, CBN, CBD, CBDA, etc.), terpenes and flavonoids. A broad spectrum means that some of the ingredients have been lost or changed in the manufacturing process. Isolate refers to almost pure isolates in crystal form, i.e. individual active ingredients such as CBD isolate, which does not contain other active substances and can be up to 99% CBD at its purest.

Studies show that full-spectrum CBD products perform better than isolates, or a wide range of products, and this interaction is referred to as the “ Entourage effect ” (4). According to some studies, when using isolates, increasing the dose size has not increased the efficacy of the product beyond a certain point.


2. Effects of use


Of course, the time and manner of use will also affect the perceived effects of the CBD oil and the amount of dose required. Others always enjoy CBD oil on an empty stomach right from the morning and another likes to enjoy it with food by mixing it e.g. between food and drink. If the oil is used internally, what matters is how long the CBD oil is allowed to be absorbed from the oral mucosa. The active substances are absorbed into the bloodstream much faster through the blood vessels of the mouth than from the stomach. It is usually recommended to keep the drops under the tongue for 1 to 3 minutes before swallowing. So it is clear that if you mix the drops with the drink then the onset and duration of the effects can be significantly different from allowing it to be absorbed directly under the tongue.

Carriers of CBD oils can also affect how quickly the active substances are transported by the body. MCT oil from coconut, olive oil, sunflower oil or hemp seed oil are often used as carrier oils.


3. Individual factors


It is known that the effect of CBD depends on the individual and, for example, a woman weighing 50 kg and a man weighing 100 kg need a different amount to experience similar effects. The factors affecting the perceived effects are listed in more detail below:

  • MetabolismA: How quickly and for how long CBD affects you depends on e.g. metabolism. So look at whether your metabolism is slow or fast.
  • Body weight: The weight of the user can significantly affect how CBD oil affects your body. A heavier person may need higher doses than a lighter one.
  • Previous experience: When used for a long time, the body may have become accustomed to the effects of CBD oil and the user may experience the effects differently than when they started. Tolerance to active substances may also occur.
  • Gender: According to some studies, CBD and other cannabinoids appear to work slightly differently depending on the user’s gender and hormonal function.


Do you get CBD oil from Finland?


A wide variety of CBD oils can be found in online stores. What they contain and what purpose they are used for affects how the authority views the matter in Finland. In Finland, various CBD products are best found online shopping, health food stores and specialty stores, both as cosmetics and supplements. Products containing CBD can also be ordered in Finland from abroad, and their legality depends on the content, the purpose of the products and how they are marketed. Some products require a prescription in order to order them legally. The legality of all CBD products is assessed on a case-by-case basis.


Cannabinoids and abbreviations

Listed below are abbreviations for some of the best known cannabinoids.





In the article you will find information on how to dispense CBD oil and how to choose the best product for you. The most important factors are the quality and composition of the oil, as well as individual differences such as user weight and metabolism. There are also differences between the products and information of different manufacturers, and it is good to keep in mind that there can be big differences between products, even if the information on the packaging is the same as for another product. For best results, we recommend starting with low doses first and following the manufacturer’s instructions carefully.

Note! The information we present in this guide is based on peer-reviewed scientific studies on which we have based our text.




  1. SA Millar and others. A systematic review of cannabidiol dosing in clinical populations. 2019. referenced 11.10.2021
  2. Ethan Russo and others. Cannabis and Cannabis Extracts: Greater than the sum of their parts? Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics. 2001. referenced 11.10.2021
  3. Simona Pisanti. Cannabidiol: State of the art and new challenges for Therapeutic applications . Pharmacol Ther. 2017. Referred to 02.08.2021.
  4. Angela K. Birnbaum , Ashwin Karanam etc. Online Library. Food effect on the pharmacokinetics of cannabidiol oral capsules in adul patients with refractory epilepsy. 2019. Referenced 04.06.2021
  5. CBD Dosage Calculator. How much CBD should I take?
    Referred to 04.06.2021
  6. Sarah Ratliff. Cannabis Tech. The Science Behind the Entourage Effect . . Referred to 02.08.2021
How much CBD can be given to a dog?

How much CBD can be given to a dog?

In the same way as humans, dogs and other mammals have numerous in their bodies cannabinoids maintaining receptive receptors and maintaining body balance endocannabinoid system , which is responsible for vital tasks. On this page you will find information on how much CBD can be given to a dog. Although this instruction is made for dogs, it can also be applied to other pets (mammals).


How much CBD can be given to a dog?


There is still no official standard for dosing CBD for a dog or pet. The appropriate dosage also depends on a number of different factors, such as your dog’s weight, condition, and the CBD product you choose and its strength. For safety reasons, we always recommend starting with a small dose of 1 mg CBD for every five (5) kilograms of body weight, or 1 mg / 11 pounds.


What factors determine the correct dose of CBD oil for dogs?


The three most important factors that affect how much CBD you can give your dog are the size of your dog, what condition or symptom of the dog you are trying to treat, and what kind of CBD product you are giving to your dog.


Does the size and condition of the dog affect the dosage?

Although your dog’s weight will not always correlate with how much CBD is needed, it is a good starting point for determining the appropriate dose. We therefore always recommend starting with the lowest dose of 1 mg CBD for every 5 kg (11 pounds) of body weight. Sometimes, however, conditions require higher doses of CBD. If your dog’s condition is more severe, you may consider a higher dose such as 2-5 mg CBD / 5 kg (11 pounds) body weight once or several times a day as needed.

See the table below for the recommended CBD dose by weight.

Weight (kg)Amount of CBD (mg)
5 kg1 mg
5 – 11 kg1 – 3 mg
11 – 22 kg3 – 5 mg
22 – 34 kg5 – 8 mg
34 – 45 kg8 – 16 mg
45 – 68 kg16 – 33 mg
68+ kg33 mg
This instruction is not an official recommendation, so we recommend contacting your veterinarian before starting use


What is the right CBD product for a dog/pet?


In addition to CBD oils and tinctures mainly intended for humans, there are CBD products of different strengths intended for dogs and other household pets on the market. Dog CBD products most often contain fish oil or another flavoring ingredient designed to make the product easier to taste and dispense. CBD products for human use can also be given to a dog if the products do not contain ingredients that are not suitable for the dog. So always check the ingredient list of the product carefully before giving it to your pet!

In addition to the strength of a CBD product, some products, such as CBD dog treats, may be absorbed more slowly than CBD oil or tincture, in which case you may need to give your dog a slightly higher dose to achieve the same effect.

If you plan to use CBD oil to care for your dog, you will often find clear instructions in the product on how many drops contain the desired amount of CBD.

For example, if a 5% CBD oil bottle contains 200 drops and contains a total of 500 mg of CBD, then one drop contains about 2.5 mg of CBD. If you wish, you can mix one drop with the food and, if necessary, divide it into several more portions, so that you can start using it with the lowest possible dosage.

Once you notice the results you want in your dog, such as calmer behavior, you can continue with the same dosage. However, if you do not notice a large change after several days, you can increase the dose slowly and gradually until you see the desired effects.


Can I give my dog too much CBD?


There have been many studies on CBD showing that CBD is well tolerated, even at very high doses and reasonable doses there is virtually no risk of overdose. However, we recommend that you consult a qualified veterinarian before use.

When you buy CBD products for your dog, always check with the seller, its quality and that it really contains CBD. Although CBD products are not intoxicating, they may still contain very small amounts of THC. Remember that legally CBD oil products must contain no more than 0.2% THC, which is well below the amount needed to produce psychoactive, ie intoxicating, effects.




Determining and testing the correct dose of CBD for your dog may take some time and require monitoring. Always take your dog’s/pet’s weight and condition into account, and get your CBD product from a reliable seller.




CBD experiences in sports – Omran Chaaban

CBD experiences in sports – Omran Chaaban


“What is most important here is the recovery. If you recover well, you can train more.”


After hearing about the benefits of CBD products, Omran contacted Hamppumaa and proposed cooperation. The company approached the matter with an open mind and the cooperation started almost immediately with the testing of the products. Since then, Omran has been using CBD to feel better. 1.5 years later, Hamppumaa interviewed Omran about his CBD experiences and found out what all the products have helped him with. You can watch the entire interview here .


In order to succeed in competitions, the most important thing for a freelancer is that he can recover quickly. Now Omran has been using Sana’s CBD products for a couple of years. He has mostly used Cannabis Sativa Oil , Hemp juice capsules and Tincture . He uses CBD specifically for recovery. The competition is tough and to succeed you have to train 2-3 times a day.

The body is strained so much that sometimes you can’t sleep. You know when the heart beats all the time. The only way I’ve been able to get it treated is CBD. I get such a good recovery here and my joints don’t feel as stiff as they used to. You will notice the difference right away… I was a little skeptical about this at first, but when I started using it, I noticed a difference.

CBD tincture and oil – how much is needed?

After starting to use Cannabis Sativa Tincture along with training, Omran says he noticed a big difference right away. Later, after starting to use Cannabis Sativa Oil, he credits the product as a game changer. Omran found the oil stronger, which also helped him sleep better. Oil has become Omran’s favorite product. He dispenses 15 drops of it at once.


“Now I sleep and get a deep sleep.”


In addition to the oil, Omran takes CBD-A hemp juice capsules in the morning. The capsules give him a good start in the morning, without relaxing him too much. After training, he uses the oil to recover and also takes it in the evening to deepen sleep a couple of hours before going to bed. Before CBD products, Omran couldn’t sleep properly.

“I always woke up 4-5 times a night quite easily and I had the problem that my heart was beating all the time. I never had a deep sleep.”. According to him, the CBD products really eased the situation significantly. They help to calm down and he no longer wakes up at night. “Now I’m sleeping. I get a deep sleep.“. A competitive athlete who is in good shape in his life emphasizes how important deep sleep is”. “It’s so hard to train if your body can’t take it. The most important thing here is the recovery. If you recover well, you can train more.”. Omran usually trains a whopping 12-13 times a week.

At first, people around Omran wondered about using the products. After a while, everyone else in the industry wanted to start using CBD products to feel better and recover faster. CBD products have become popular especially among competitive athletes.

Have you tried CBD products yet? Ordering CBD oil from the online store is easy. Order CBD oil from this link . Hamppumaa’s strong CBD capsules have also been added to the selection.

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