CBD oil is cannabis oil from hemp
What is CBD oil?
CBD oil is simply drug cannabis without intoxicating effects.
On this page you will find the answer to the following questions:
- What exactly is CBD oil?
- What is the purpose of CBD oil?
- What does CBD oil contain?
- What is the effect of CBD oil based on?
- What is full spectrum CBD oil?
- How is CBD oil made?
- How to choose the best CBD oil for you?
- How to ensure the safety and quality of CBD oil?
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What exactly is CBD oil?
CBD oil is most often an oil blend made from industrial hemp (Cannabis Sativa L.), which is a mixture of cannabinoid-containing oil extract and carrier oil. Cannabinoid-containing oil extract, i.e. CBD oil extract, is mixed for dosing and absorption to facilitate various vegetable fats that act as a carrier for the active ingredients. CBD oil is sold in pipette bottles that make it easier to take suitable dosage sizes and is used in 1-12 drops at a time.
CBD oil can also be made from medicinal cannabis (Cannabis Indica), but then it is a THC oil banned in Europe and Finland, which, as the name implies, contains more THC , as CBD or other cannabinoids, such as e.g. CBG (cannabigerol). Some sites incorrectly use the term CBD oil hemp oil .
CBD oil is not intoxicating at all, as it is produced in Europe from industrial fiber or oil hemp varieties with less than 0.2% THC, which produce more CBD and other cannabinoids than THC.
In most cases, CBD oils made from industrial hemp contain up to 0.1% THC as finished CBD products, ie practically no at all. CBD oil is also made completely THC-free, but the synergistic effects of cannabinoids, i.e. the effects of the full spectrum, are lost. As a result, more players talk about their CBD oils as full-spectrum CBD products, although in many cases this is not entirely true.
The most used carrier oils and what are the good and bad of each:
|MCT oil:||Tastes and improves the absorption and shelf life of CBD oil|
|Hemp seed oil||Healthy omega 3, 6 and 9 fats and synergistic effects with CBD oil. The downside is that it is prone to spoilage.|
|Olive oil||Healthy omega 9 fatty acids. The downside is that it is prone to spoilage.|
How is CBD oil made?
CBD oil is produced by extracting hemp plant material, i.e., inflorescence and leaves. The two most widely used extraction methods in the world are butane extraction (BHO) extraction and CO2 extraction, i.e. supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.
What does CBD oil contain?
CBD oil contains cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids found naturally in hemp. In addition, heavy metals and, depending on the quality of the manufacturing process, other impurities may be concentrated in the CBD oil. We recommend that you ensure that the CBD oil you use is at least edible. Preferably GMP grades and third party cannabinoid and heavy metal analyzed.
What is the impact of CBD oil based on?
CBD oil affects the body endocannabinoid system maintaining homeostasis, i.e. the general well-being of our bodies and individual organs maintaining balance. The internal (endo) cannabinoid system is one of our body’s most extensive receptor systems and is responsible for basic functions such as relaxation, sleep, release, and protection.
Our endocannabinoid system forms a kind of protective network that, as part of our immune system and central nervous system, seeks to balance the function of the brain and other cells when they receive a signal of threat from outside or inside. It is thus like a bridge between body and mind. By understanding it, you can begin to see the mechanism that affects brain function, your physical health, and the treatment and prevention of disease.
CBD is currently, for good reason, the world’s most talked about compound and CBD product the fastest growing industry. The popularity of CBD oils and products is illustrated, for example, by the fact that large international pharmaceutical and soft drink companies are interested in producing their own CBD oils and products.
What is full spectrum CBD oil?
Full-spectrum CBD oil is a CBD product that contains everything inherent in hemp cannabinoids , terpenes and flavonoids, just as nature designed it. More than 500 different compounds have been identified in hemp and cannabis. 120 different cannabinoids have been identified from hemp, of which CBD and THC are the best studied compounds. CBD and THC are derived from CBG. In addition to cannabinoids, hemp contains well-known compounds from other herbs, such as terpenes and flavonoids, which together enhance the overall effect (Entourage effect). CBD oil made from a CBD isolate contains only CBD and has much simpler effects on the body.
The difference between hemp (Cannabis Sativa L.) and cannabis (Cannabis Indica), ie industrial fiber / oil hemp and medicinal cannabis, is that the dominant cannabinoid in hemp is CBD, ie hemp has more CBD relative to THC. Whereas cannabis has more THC relative to CBD. Due to CBD dominance, hemp is not intoxicating at all. CBD is largely the opposite of THC.
“Cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids naturally occurring in hemp together and individually act, directly or indirectly, to balance the endocannabinoid system”
Thus, the full spectrum of CBD oil gives you the richest effect of all the compounds naturally present in hemp, which produce the so-called Entourage Effect. In other words, full-spectrum CBD oil contains all the compounds naturally present in hemp.
The full spectrum is not a completely seamlessly studied matter, but the theory put forward by Ethan Russon as to why some cannabinoids and terpenes act differently with other cannabinoids, with different concentrations. An example of this is that CBD and CBG have been found to prevent MRSA infection and how this may be even more effective when combined with anti-MRSA terpenes.
|Full Spectrum includes:||CBD, CBG, CBN, CBC, THC + other cannabinodes and terpenes, and flavonoids|
|The wide spectrum (board Spectrum) includes:||CBD, CBG, CBN, CBC + other cannabinoids and terpenes, and flavonoids|
The variety (s) of hemp used in the manufacture of CBD oils has the greatest impact on the spectrum of different cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids ultimately obtained in the CBD oil itself. CBD oil made from several different varieties of hemp contains a more diverse spectrum of different cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids than one made from a single variety.
How is CBD oil made?
CBD oil is produced by extracting hemp plant material, i.e., inflorescence and leaves. By extraction, the active compounds (cannabinoids and terpenes) in hemp leaves and inflorescences can be isolated from the plant material.
The most desirable compounds for CBD oil – cannabinoids and terpenes – are found in hemp inflorescences and leaves. There are almost no cannabinoids and terpenes in hemp stalks, so it does not make sense to extract CBD oil from stalks.
Depending on the extraction methods used, CBD oil extract may have different shapes and may meet different quality standards.
The two most commonly used extraction methods for the production of CBD oil are butane extraction (BHO extraction) and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction (CO2 extraction).
Fast and cheap but dangerous BHO (butane extraction)
BHO extraction, i.e. butane extraction, means that butane is used as the solvent.
It is one of many solvent-based extraction methods. The solvent removes trichomes from the plant material while retaining the flavors, aromas and active properties of that strain.
The plant material, i.e. hemp, is dissolved / washed with butane, whereby cannabinoids, terpenes, lipids and others are soluble in butane, detached from the plant material.
Further work is then required to remove the butane solvent from the final product. Butane leaching is a fast and inexpensive extraction method for making CBD oil and that is why many people use this method to make CBD oils at home.
However, butane extraction, or BHO extraction, has many disadvantages. The process is dangerous and even if all safety measures are taken, the end product obtained from it, i.e. butane-extracted CBD oil, has its own dangers.
It is not possible to completely remove butane from the extract. This leaves butane in the final product, which can cause health problems in the body that you may not even be aware of.
So avoid home-made CBD oils, as well as those manufacturers that don’t transparently tell you what extraction method their CBD oils are made from. In butane extraction, the THC content also increases easily.
Best and safest but expensive CO2 (supercritical carbon dioxide extraction)
The best CBD oil is obtained by the CO2 extraction method because it is an environmentally friendly, gentle extraction method that removes the most active compounds from the plant material.
CO2 extraction uses carbon dioxide to separate cannabinoids and terpenes from plant material. Carbon dioxide gas is converted to a liquid at the correct pressure, whereupon it acts as a solvent. CO2-extracted CBD oil is a clear, yellowish oil that is very pure.
CO2 extraction requires special equipment and amateurs cannot do it at home. For the CO2 extract, the gas is converted into a liquid to wash / dissolve the hemp inflorescences and leaves, i.e. the plant material. Carbon dioxide is easily removed from the final product by simply converting it back to gas.
The remaining liquid cannabis oil is completely pure and free of solvents. Different temperatures and pressure settings give different results, i.e. CBD oils of different colors and strengths. For example, the amount of chlorophyll, i.e. leaf green, in CBD oil can be reduced. Leafy green is healthy and thus good for humans, but makes CBD oil easily “strong” in taste.
CO2 extraction operates at lower temperatures than butane extraction, resulting in better preservation of cannabinoids and terpenes. This also ensures that the CBD is not over-decarboxylated, i.e., converted to other cannabinoid compounds. This makes it easier to maintain the natural CBD content of the variety used in its natural relationship with other cannabinoids.
Carbon capture is also better for the environment and can also be recycled, making CO2 extraction a more environmentally sustainable extraction method.
Because CO2 extraction is non-toxic, no toxins remain in the CO2-extracted CBD oil. Its only drawback is that it is an expensive and time consuming extraction method.
How to choose the best CBD oil for you?
There are a wide variety of CBD oils and CBD products on the market today and they are made for many different purposes. The quality and safety of the products is like a wild west. That is, you must and must be careful.
An easy and safe choice is at least SANA hemp juice products , which had time to become Finland’s most popular, ie best-selling CBD product family. Cannabis Sativa oil and tincture , and others hemp juice products has been sold the most throughout Finland in various health food stores.
CBD and other cannabinoids affect our bodies endocannabinoid system. Crucial in choosing the CBD oil that works best for you is the need. For which ailment, or more precisely, for which ailments do you need the effects of CBD oil? Pains are experienced in the brain, so CBD oil probably the most appropriate. Abdominal and intestinal problems, instead of CBD oil – CBD-A hemp juice capsules operate most effectively. Inflammations and inflammatory pains are nasty and CBD-A tincture best help. For more help with selection, see the article 4 ways to choose a CBD-A product .
How to ensure the safety and quality of CBD oil?
Quality CBD oil meets the following criteria:
- CBD oil is produced by the CO2 extraction method
- CBD oil has been analyzed in a third party laboratory
- CBD oil has been tested to be free of heavy metals
- CBD oil has been tested to be free of contaminants
Be sure to check the following 6 things about CBD oil or the website that sells it:
1. How is CBD oil made?
Is the product made by extraction?
- CO2 extraction = subtle, safe and efficient
- Butane extraction (BHO) = dangerous, harmful and toxic
If you are not sure whether CBD oil has been CO2 extracted – it may be butane extracted, allowing butane residues in the final product to be possible.
Is the product made by freeze-drying and freeze-drying?
- Cold pressing and freeze-drying = are subtle methods that guarantee 100% safe and certainly natural full spectrum
- NOTE! Cold pressed hemp oil, ie hemp seed oil does not contain cannabinoids (CBD, THC, etc.)
2. Have CBD concentrations been analyzed by a third party?
- If the analyzes are not visible, you cannot be sure of the concentrations of that CBD oil, nor can you
3. Has a heavy metal analysis been performed on CBD oil?
- Heavy metals are easily accumulated in products extracted / concentrated from plant material, so CBD oils and other CBD products should always be analyzed by third party laboratories.
- If no analyzes are available on the CBD oil sales website – the products may contain excessive levels of heavy metals that are hazardous to health
4. Has CBD oil been analyzed for contamination by a third party?
- In the absence of contamination analyzes, you will not be able to use that CBD oil safely orally – because the CBD product has not been manufactured to meet food safety criteria.
5. Does the CBD oil seller / site offer certificates for its products or operations?
- No novel food authorization has been granted for any CBD oil or CBD products in the European Union. The matter can be easily checked From EIHA
- Organic requires organic certification in the European Union – if CBD oil is certified organic, the packaging must be EU organic magazine logo
- Non GMO Project – SANA Hemp Juice Non GMO Project Certificate
- Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) refers to the good manufacturing practices required for pharmaceuticals.
- International Organic and Natural Cosmetics Certificate COSMOS-STANDARD – SANA hemp juice products COSMOS-STANDARD certificate
6. Does the seller of CBD oil state that its products are registered?
- Edible CBD oil and other CBD products cannot be registered in the European Union in any way, so if a site says CBD oils are registered, this is either invented in a marketing sense, or the product is a cosmetic or prescription drug.
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