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CBD oil is cannabis oil from hemp

What is CBD oil?

CBD oil is, simply put, medicinal cannabis without intoxicating effects.

On this page you will find the answer to the following questions:

  • What exactly is CBD oil?
  • What is the purpose of CBD oil?
  • What does CBD oil contain?
  • What are the effects of CBD oil based on?
  • What is full spectrum CBD oil?
  • How is CBD oil made?
  • How to choose the best CBD oil for you?
  • How to ensure the safety and top quality of CBD oil?

If you cannot find an answer to your question on this page or its links – you will get an expert answer without delay by contacting our customer service.

*Without delay means – as soon as possible

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What exactly is CBD oil?

CBD oil is an oil blend made from fibre hemp (Cannabis Sativa L.), which is a mixture of cannabinoid-containing CBD oil extract and carrier oil. The carrier oil acts as a carrier for the active substances, as CBD and other cannabinoids are fat-soluble.

CBD oil is available in pipettes that facilitate dosing. Single doses range from 1 to 40 drops as needed. Instructions for proper CBD oil dosing can be found in this complete CBD oil dosing guide.

CBD oil can also be made from medicinal cannabis (Cannabis Indica). If the product contains mostly THC, then it is a THC oil. CBD oils made from THC-containing cannabis plants are banned in the EU.

Some sites incorrectly use CBD oil as hemp oil.

CBD oil is not intoxicating because it is made from hemp. Hemp varieties accepted in Europe may contain up to 0.2% THC, which is the only psychoactive compound in cannabis plants.

In most cases, CBD oils made from industrial hemp contain a maximum of 0.1% THC, ie practically no at all. However, the more common THC content in CBD oils is closer to 0.05 %. CBD oil is also completely THC-free, but the synergistic effects of cannabinoids, i.e. the full spectrum effects, are lost.

CBD oil is a CBD oil extract made from industrial hemp
The most used carrier oils and what are the good and bad of each:
MCT oil:Tastes and improves the absorption and shelf life of CBD oil
Hemp seed oilHealthy omega 3, 6 and 9 fats and synergistic effects with CBD oil. The downside is the sensitivity of polyunsaturated fats to spoilage.
Olive oilHealthy omega 9 fatty acids. The downside is the sensitivity of polyunsaturated fats to spoilage.
How is CBD oil made?

How is CBD oil made?

CBD oil extract is made by extracting hemp plant material, flowers and leaves. Then CBD oil extract is mixed with the carrier oil to obtain the desired CBD content.

The three most widely used extraction methods in the world are alcohol extraction, butane extraction (BHO) extraction and CO2 extraction, i.e. supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.

What is the purpose of CBD oil?

How is CBD oil used?

CBD oil is used to balance the body’s endocannabinoid system.

CBD oil is dosed drop by drop and preferably directly under the tongue, because the dissolution of the active compounds through the mucous glands under the tongue allows CBD to enter the bloodstream more efficiently.

What does CBD oil contain?

What does CBD oil contain?

CBD oil contains compounds found naturally in cannabis plants; cannabinoids, terpenes, vegetable waxes and flavonoids.

In addition, heavy metals and, depending on the quality of the manufacturing process, other impurities may be concentrated in the CBD oil. Therefore, it is important to ensure that third-party cannabinoid analyzes are displayed on the product.

What is the impact of CBD oil based on?

The effects of CBD oil are based on phytocannabinoids and how they work in the body.

Phytocannabinoids are plant-derived cannabinoid compounds (e.g., CBD, CBDA, THCA, THC, CBG, CBG-A, CBN, etc.). They are natural terpenoids or phenolic compounds derived from cannabis plants in particular. (1)

Cannabinoids in CBD oil have the effect of maintaining the homeostasis of the body’s endocannabinoid system, i.e., maintaining the balance of the overall well-being of the body and individual organs.

The endocannabinoid system, or internal cannabinoid system, is one of the body’s most extensive receptor systems and is responsible for vital basic functions such as relaxation, sleep, release, and protection..

The endocannabinoid system forms a kind of protective network that, as part of the immune system and our central nervous system, seeks to balance the function of the brain and other cells when they receive a signal from an external or internal threat. It is like a bridge between body and mind. By understanding it more closely, one can see the mechanism that affects brain function, physical health, and the treatment and prevention of disease. (2)

The effect of CBD oil is based on maintaining the homeostasis of the endocannabinoid system_in the infograph of the endocannabinoid system

What is full spectrum CBD oil?

Full Spectrum CBD oil contains all the cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids naturally found in hemp, just as nature has designed it. In total, at least 120 different cannabinoids and a total of 565 human health-promoting compounds have been identified in hemp. Other compounds found in hemp are compounds known from other herbs, i.e. terpenes and flavonoids. Terpenes give plants scents and flavonoids give plants flavor, color and texture.

A CBD oil made from a CBD isolate contains CBD alone and has significantly simpler effects on the body than a full spectrum CBD oil.

“The naturally occurring cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids in hemp act together and individually, directly or indirectly to balance the endocannabinoid system.”

 

The full spectrum of CBD oil gives you the richest effect of all the compounds naturally present in hemp, which produce the so-called Entourage Effect. In other words, full spectrum CBD oil contains all the compounds naturally present in hemp.

The theory of full spectrum effects is based on Ethan Russon’s theory of why some cannabinoids and terpenes act differently with other cannabinoids, with varying concentrations. An example of this is that CBD and CBG have been found to prevent MRSA infections and how this may be even more effective when combined with anti-MRSA terpenes.

Full Spectrum includes:CBD, CBG, CBN, CBC, THC + other cannabinodes and terpenes, and flavonoids
Broad spectrum contains:CBD, CBG, CBN, CBC + other cannabinoids and terpenes, and flavonoids
Isolate contains: CBD

The variety (s) of hemp used in the manufacture of CBD oils has the greatest impact on the spectrum of different cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids ultimately obtained in the CBD oil itself. CBD oil made from several different varieties of hemp contains a more diverse spectrum of different cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids than one made from a single variety.

How is CBD oil made?

CBD oil is made by extracting hemp plant material, i.e., flowers and leaves.

By extraction, the active compounds of hemp (cannabinoids, terpenes, vegetable waxes, flavonoids) are isolated from the plant material.

Unwanted compounds, such as heavy metals, are also released from the plant material when the cannabis plants accumulate in their leaves.

The three most commonly used extraction methods for the production of CBD oil are ethanol extraction, supercritical carbon dioxide extraction (CO2 extraction) and butane extraction (BHO extraction).

What does ethanol extraction mean?

In ethanol extraction, the plant material is dissolved in ethanol, which is kept at a low boiling point.

Ethanol is safe and effective in extracting fat-soluble and water-soluble compounds.

Advantages and disadvantages of ethanol extraction in CBD oil

Benefits:

  • Food quality and safe
  • Enables full spectrum
  • Low risk of toxicity due to rapid evaporation of ethanol

Disadvantages:

  • Extracts less desirable compounds
  • Unwanted compounds make it less pure
What does CO2 extraction mean?

In CO2 extraction, carbon dioxide is converted into a liquid by pressure, which then absorbs the fat-soluble compounds and aromas of hemp. The carbon dioxide is then converted to gas again.

Supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) is an odorless, non-toxic, colorless liquid gas that is safe to use to make high-quality extracts.

Indeed, CO2 extraction is widely used in the pharmaceutical, food supplement and cosmetics industries.

Advantages and disadvantages of CO2 extraction in CBD oil

Benefits:

  • Clean and ecological
  • Food quality and safe
  • Enables full spectrum

Disadvantages:

  • Expensive method
What does BHO extraction mean?

Butane extraction (BHO) uses hydrocarbons such as butane and propane alone or as a mixture of solvents.

The low boiling points of hydrocarbons allow for the greatest amount of cannabinoids and terpenes.

In the wrong hands, hydrocarbon solvents are destructive. May pose safety risks in the laboratory and leave residues of solvent in the final product.

Advantages and disadvantages of BHO extraction in CBD oil

Benefits:

  • Enables the best full spectrum

Disadvantages:

  • Toxic

How to choose the best CBD oil for yourself?

There are many different types of CBD oils and products on the market today and they are made for many different purposes. The quality and safety of the products is like a wild west and it can be hard to know which is the best CBD oil.

CBD and other cannabinoids affect our body’s endocannabinoid system. Crucial in choosing the CBD oil or CBD product that works best for you is the need.

For more help choosing a product, see Article 4 Ways to Choose the Best CBD Product

Refer to the CBD Oil Dosing Guide for proper dosing instructions.

internal_cannabinoid-system-locations-in-human-body-min

How to ensure the safety and quality of CBD oil?

Quality CBD oil meets the following criteria:

  1. It is prepared by the CO2 extraction method
  2. It has been analyzed by a third party laboratory
  3. It has been tested to be free of heavy metals
  4. It has been tested to be free of contamination

Be sure to check the following 6 things about CBD oil or the website that sells it:

1. How is CBD oil made? _CO2 Extraction_or_BHO

1. How is CBD oil made?

Is the product made by extraction?

  • CO2 extraction = subtle, safe and efficient
  • Butane extraction (BHO) = dangerous, harmful and toxic

If you are not sure whether CBD oil has been CO2 extracted – it may be butane extracted, allowing butane residues in the final product to be possible.

Is the product made by freeze-drying and freeze-drying?

  • Cold pressing and freeze-drying = are subtle methods that guarantee 100% safe and certainly natural full spectrum
  • NOTE! Cold pressed hemp oil, ie hemp seed oil does not contain cannabinoids (CBD, THC, etc.)
2. Have CBD concentrations been analyzed by a third party?

2. Have CBD concentrations been analyzed by a third party?

  • If the analyzes are not visible, you cannot be sure of the concentrations of that CBD oil, nor can you
  • You can find the CBD and cannabinoid contents of all the CBD products we offer on the product pages.
3. Has a heavy metal analysis been performed on CBD oil?

3. Has a heavy metal analysis been performed on CBD oil?

    • Heavy metals are easily accumulated in products extracted / concentrated from plant material, so CBD oils and other CBD products should always be analyzed by third party laboratories.
    • If you are concerned about the heavy metal content of CBD oils, you should ask the seller to see an analysis
4. Has CBD oil been analyzed for contamination by a third party?

4. Has CBD oil been analyzed for contamination by a third party?

  • If contamination analyzes are not available, you should carefully consider whether you want to use CBD oil internally, because then the CBD product has not been manufactured in accordance with food safety criteria
5. Does the CBD oil vendor: site offer certificates for its products or operations?

5. Does the CBD oil seller / site offer certificates for its products or operations?

6. Does the seller of CBD oil state that their products are registered in any other way?

6. Does the seller of CBD oil state that its products are registered?

  • Edible CBD oil and other CBD products cannot be registered in the European Union in any way, so if a site says CBD oils are registered, this is either invented in a marketing sense, or the product is a cosmetic or prescription drug.

Sources:

  1. Elaine Goncalves and others. Terpenoids, Cannabimimetic Ligands, beyond the Cannabis Plant. 2020. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/340403344_Terpenoids_Cannabimimetic_Ligands_beyond_the_Cannabis_Plant#page28 referred to 11.10.2021
  2. Bradley Alger. Getting High on the Endocannabinoid System. 2013. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3997295/ referred to 11.10.2021

 

Experiences in the hemp industry since 2014

Our mission is to make the world a better place one hemp product at a time. Our goal is to make the world's best CBD and hemp products available to every Finn and to offer good experiences using the products.

The experience accumulated since 2014 with the uniquely best hemp products and manufacturing methods has enabled the know-how and networks, with the support of which we plan to continue to be the best CBD product providers.

Customers satisfied with expert service, fast delivery and quality products confirm that we have succeeded in this. Read customer experiences about CBD oil in product reviews and on the blog.

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