What is CBN?
Is CBN a new trend? New cannabinoid products are constantly appearing on the market. Recently, CBN oils and other CBN products have also started to appear on the market. This article discusses what CBN, or cannabinol, is and what its properties are.
“Unicannabinoid” CBN or cannabinol
Studies have shown that CBN is antibacterial and helps in particular to help you fall asleep, relieve pain, improve appetite, and relieve inflammation (1).
CBN is formed as a by-product of THC
CBN does not develop directly into hemp plants, but CBN is formed when THC , read in the most well-known cannabinoids , is oxidized, that is, broken down by oxygen as it ages, dries, and heats up. Although CBN is formed as a decomposition product of THC, it does not produce a state of intoxication as THC does (1). The more THC decomposes and disappears from the plant, the more the concentration of CBN increases.
CBN affects the body’s endocannabinoid system through CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors. Of the receptors, CBN binds more sensitively to CB2 receptors.
CBN resembles the CBD
However, despite the fact that CBN is formed as a by-product of THC , its chemical composition is closer to that of CBD. Isolation of CBN is not as simple as that of CBD because cannabinol is present only in the oldest plants and as degradation products.
Although much is already known about CBN, its comprehensive research and understanding still requires further work.
CBN is the first cannabinoid isolated
Although research into CBN has only begun properly in recent decades, it is not a new discovery, but in fact CBN is the first cannabinoid isolated from the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa L.). In 1940, the American chemist Roger Adams was the first to isolate CBN (2).
In the same year, 1940, Adams and his University of Illinois team identified and synthesized cannabidiol (CBD) in addition to CBN. In 1942, he was granted a patent for his method of isolating CBD. Adams was later awarded the American Institute of Chemists Gold Medal in 1964.
CBN is fat soluble
CBN is lipophilic in its properties. CBN combines perfectly with lipids and fats. Lipids include oils, waxes, fats and phospholipids. CBN does not mix with water.
How to choose the right CBN oil?
When purchasing CBN oil and other CBN products, be sure to ask your dealer for third-party product analysis. At least check the cannabinoid profile and any contaminants in the assays. Analyzes of all products should be available and if this is not the case, you should contact a more reliable seller.
1. L Bianco. 2018. GB Sciences Inc. Exploring the Lesser Cannabinoids – The Happy Accident of CBN. https://www.biospace.com/article/releases/exploring-the-lesser-cannabinoids-the-happy-accident-of-cbn/. Referenced on 19.11.2021
2. R. Pertwee. 2006. Cannabinoid Pharmacology: the first 66 years. Br. J Pharmacol. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1760722/. Referenced on 19.11.2021